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Review of Symbiosis Lighting System

Review of Symbiosis Lighting System


For 6 months we have been diving different versions of the Symbiosis.  It has been funThe Symbiosis system is not like any other flashes. It is a combination of both a fast and powerful flash – and a really good video light.

Combining flash and imaging light
We instantly saw the idea of bringing 2 types of light into one unit, as most cameras today, do equally good video and photography. But would it work as intended?

What we did

We went to the lab and did a comparison spec review, where we took the the Symbiosis SS-1 and the Symbiosis SS-2 and compared them to the popular “Inon Z-240 Type 4”, and the “Sea & Sea YS-D2”. We gathered the results in a spreadsheet for your convenience.

We took the units underwater and did video and photos with the Symbiosis System. You can see these further down on this page.

Test highlights of the Symbiosis SS-1 and SS-2

Flash Power 

The power/effect of a flash is defined by the “Guide Number”.
Looking at the specs only, the SS-2 and the YS-D2 are the most powerful units with a guide number of 32. The other two units (Z-240 and SS-1) has a Guide Number of 24.

Measured with a flash meter from a distance of 150cm the difference in the power of the flashes turned out to be very accurate. The SS-2 turned out to be 3/10 f:stop more powerful than the YS-D2 – when measured directly towards the flash.iDivesite Symbiosis back panel buttonsBut it is also important how the reflector forms the light.

No point in having a powerful flash, that is only powerful in the middle of the beam. So we measured the power at an angle of 45°. (150cm to the right from the first measure point). All the flashes lost an average of two f:stops on that distance. The SS-2 lost the most with 2,3 stops – where the Inon lost only 1,6 steps.

It is not totally fair to make a conclusion based on just those 2 measure points, but it seems that the Inon has the most even beam – though it is hardly possible to see the difference when diving.

Recycle time

We were actually not able to measure the recycle time. So we had to retrieve the numbers from the manufacturers specifications.
The recycle time is an important factor for some uw photographers. Particularly macro photographers like to make rapid flashes when they do critter shooting. As macro shooting always happens very close to the subject, the Guide Numbers does not need to be extremely high. (some shooters will claim that it is important always to use the highest f:stop, to get the most depth of field (DoF). However, for creative purposes a large DoF is not always needed)

The SS-1 is the fastest recycling flash with only 0,8 sec. The Inon with the same Guide Number – turned out to have the same (slower) recycle time as the larger flashes.

Flash angle coverage & density of the included diffuser

iDivesite Symbiosis diffusorAccording to manufacturer spec, there angle coverage of the units are similar.

To increase the coverage of a flash beam, a diffuser can be used.

The Z-240 and the YS-D2 has 2 diffusers. They are thin and give 100” and 120” degrees of coverage. Don´t forget that the diffusor reduce the intensity of the light.

The Symbiosis has the possibility of using 2 different diffusers. The primary diffuser is flat and has a light reduction of 2 f:stops, which is a bit too much. The Secondary diffuser is a thinner diffuser and is shaped as a dome. This will give a much more spread out light that is useful when you want to reduce black shadows in your image.

The Sea & Sea and the Symbiosis lights have a double flash bulb that is placed horizontally. The Inon has 2 bulbs, one go vertical and the other horizontal. This gives the Inon a beam with a slightly taller coverage. But given the fact, that cameras are mostly used horizontally, it is not a big advantage.

LED light

This is where the Symbiosis really stands out.

iDivesite Symbiosis led light upgradable head
You can upgrade the Symbiosis LED light head to a more powerful lumen. Up to 4000 light head is available.

The Symbiosis are made for LED light usage – the Sea & Sea and Inon are not.

The Symbiosis light heads, are in fact Venom lights, that is one of i-Divesite’s proven and very popular lights.

Not only is it possible to remove the light head from the Symbiosis and upgrade it with a more powerful head – it is also possible to get an adaptor and use the lighthead and the battery together as one stand-alone imaging light, should you need a compact system on one of your dives.

Flash steps and settings

iDivesite Symbiosis SS-2 back front panelThe more steps a flash can do, the more detailed the exposure can be. This is great when you need do creative shots. But too many steps can also be confusing. Particularly if the buttons are small.

The SS-2 has more steps (15 steps) than all of the other flashes, but it has an well sized LCD window at the back and large buttons. So it´s easy to set a precise power setting.

The SS-1 has 8 steps and no LCD display, but large buttons makes changes in settings easy.

Color temperature

According to the manufacturers of all the flashes, they are all a bit “colder” than sunlight. Between: 5600-5700 Kelvin. (Sunlight is around 5000-5500 Kelvin.)

Flash automation

Many underwater photographers use TTL. (Through The Lens light measuring). TTL can be great to use when you need help with the exposure… but not always… personally I have not used TTL for more than 20 years. With the high light contrast of the modern camera chip – and with the LCD screen on every camera around, the lack of TTL is not a deal breaker for me.

The two Japanese flashes support TTL, the Symbiosis does not. Instead it has a LEARN function where you make a preflash. The camera will learn from that result and measure according to that.

It works well… but read the manual! 😉

Focus light

iDivesite Symbiosis Red focus lightBecause the Symbiosis has a large LED light head, it beats the two others by far.

It has both Red and White light and at multiple levels…

One could say that the focus light do not come from the same angle as the flash glimpse. But this is not of any importance as they don’t have the same beam. This goes for all other flashes as well, by the way.

The flash bulb and the LED light are not the same and therefore give a different light.

Fill light

iDivesite Symbiosis focus light“Fill in light” is an interesting feature that only the Symbiosis SS-2 has. It is basically a setting where the focus light remains turned on after the flash ignites.

With a long shutter speed it is then possible to first freeze a motion with the flash and then create an effect with the LED light. (confused?) 😉

Number of Flashes @Full power

The iDivesite Symbiosis SS-1 back front panelSymbiosis SS-1 will do approx. 1000 exposures… very impressive!
Even the SS-2 will do approx.  550 exposures. almost twice as many as the other flashes.

Batteries & Weight

iDivesite Symbiosis use battery as external battery

The Symbiosis uses a battery pack. Hence that the Symbiosis has a lot more power and weigh a bit more.
The others use “4xAA”.
It is possible to purchase an adaptor, so the battery get more functions. Together with the light head and this adaptor it can form an individual light, which can be used as a compact stand-alone video light.

Depth rating

Symbiosis will do 60 meters. More than enough for most divers 😉


iDivesite Symbiosis test button for exposing flashThere is a “test button” on the Symbiosis. It was helpful during the specs testing we did. But else than that, it is mostly used when making settings on the SS unit.


iDivesite Symbiosis fiber optic cable for flash exposureThe SS is very sensible. The slave function can easily be triggered by other light sources, when it is used without the fiber optic cable from the camera housing.

Underwater photos with the Symbiosis

Underwater video of the Symbiosis System

In the spring of 2016 we went diving to test the units under water. The units performed very satisfying.


So far we have had a lot of experience with the Symbiosis and we have more insights coming up.

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Lars Kirkegaard Lars is one of Scandinavia's very experienced photo/videographers with many years of working as both an active member of the Scandinavian Underwater Community, an underwater photographer, studio photographer, TV-videographer and as a Graphic Arts specialist. Owner of FOTOGRAFIT.eu